# class 11 economics note

## Isoquant Curve Map

Isoquant curve is the locus of various combinations of two inputs labor and capital that yield the same level of output. It means every point of an isoquant curve shows an equal level of output. This short article tries to explain the concept of an isoquant curve map or isoquant map. We assume that producers […]

## Concept of Short-Run and Long-Run

In economics short-run and long-run do not reflect any time period like the concept of short-term and long-term. Economists connect the word short-run as well as long-run or the concept of short-run and long-run with the ability of producers to adjust different factors of production while producing goods and services. Thus, the concept of short-run

## Concept of Opportunity Cost

Concept and Meaning of Opportunicty Cost The problem of scarcity and choice gives birth to the concept of opportunity cost. It means the concept of scarcity and choice is also related to the economic problems of scarcity and choice.  Resources are scarce and at the same time, they can be put into alternative uses. Therefore,

## Scarcity and Choice

Scarcity and Choice: The Emergence of Economic Problems Scarcity The wants of human beings are limitless and resources to fulfill them are limited. It is a fact that the total quantity of products that can be produced by applying the productive resources of an economy is insufficient to satisfy all the needs and wants of

## Law of Variable Proportion

Introduction The law of variable proportion is a widely observed law of production that takes place in the short run. The law was propounded by economists like Joan Robinson, Alfred Marshall, P.A. Samuelson, etc. This law is also known as the law of diminishing returns. The law is concerned with a short-run production function.

## Factors Affecting Price Elasticity of Demand

In this article, we have explained different factors affecting the price elasticity of demand The value of price elasticity of demand is based on so many factors and such factors are collectively called determinants of price elasticity of demand. If the magnitude of price elasticity of demand is greater than one then the demand is

## The Law of Substitution

Introduction German economist H.H. Gossen developed his second law as the law of substitution or the law of equi-marginal utility/the law of maximum satisfaction in 1854 AD. This law is further developed and popularized by Prof. Alfred Marshall. According to this law, the consumer allocates her/her limited money income among various goods for getting maximum

## Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility

In this article, we tried to explain the law of diminishing marginal utility Introduction The Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility was originally formed by German economist Hermann Heinrich Gossen in 1854. So, the law is also known as the first law of Gossen. It was systematically formulated and made popularized by Alfred Marshall in his

## Total Utility, Marginal Utility, and their Relationship

Concept of Cardinal Utility: Total Utility and Marginal Utility In this article ‘total Utility, marginal Utility, and their relationship’, we try to explain the meaning of total utility, marginal utility, and the relationship between marginal utility and total utility In economics, the term utility refers to ‘the pleasure or satisfaction that individuals get from their

## Characteristics of Developing Countries

The countries in which the process of development has started but is not completed, have a developing phase of different economic aspects or dimensions like per capita income or GDP per capita, human development index (HDI), living standards, fulfillment of basic needs, and so on. The UN identifies developing countries as a country with a

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