Nepal formally is the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. It is a small mountainous country in South Asia. China lies to the north of Nepal and India lies in the east, west, and south of Nepal. It lies between latitudes 26022’ to 300 27’ north and longitudes 8004’ 880 12’ and east. The average east-west length is 885 kilometre and north-south width is 144 to 241 kilometres.