MA Microeconomics Note TU

The Laws of Returns to Scale

Introduction The laws of returns to scale explain the input-output relationship under the condition that both the inputs (labor and capital) are variable and their quantity increases proportionately (by same size or proportion) and simultaneously.  When both the inputs labor and capital are increased proportionately, the scale or volume of production also increases. So, the […]

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Total Utility, Marginal Utility, and their Relationship

Concept of Cardinal Utility: Total Utility and Marginal Utility In this article ‘total Utility, marginal Utility, and their relationship’, we try to explain the meaning of total utility, marginal utility, and the relationship between marginal utility and total utility In economics, the term utility refers to ‘the pleasure or satisfaction that individuals get from their

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Meaning and Types of the Production Function

Meaning of the Production Function The technical process that links inputs to the output of a good is known as the production function of that good. It is defined as the technological relationship between inputs and output giving the maximum output that can be produced from various input combinations. The production function analyses the relationship

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Difference between Microeconomics and Macroeconomics

The subject matter of economics is broadly divided into two branches, namely microeconomics and macroeconomics. Microeconomics and macroeconomics have become household worlds today. Microeconomic and macroeconomic analysis is now considered two important approaches to economic analysis. Microeconomics The prefix ‘micro’ is originated from the Greek word ‘mikros’, meaning small. It is the study of the

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The Achievements of Development Planning in SAARC Countries

Learning ObjectiveTo discuss the achievements of development planning in SAARC Countries SAARC Countries have experienced several changes and improvements because of economic planning in the region. The region has completed more than five decades of economic planning. The South Asian economies have come a long way since the starting of planning in the 1950s. Some

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